Unsteady viscous flow in a pipe of slowly varying cross-section

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The steady streaming generated in a pipe of slowly varying cross-section when a purely oscillatory pressure difference is maintained between its ends is considered. It is assumed that the perturbation of the pipe wall in the r, θ plane is small compared with the characteristic thickness of the Stokes layer associated with the oscillatory motion of the fluid. The first-order steady streaming is evaluated for the cases when this characteristic thickness is large and small compared with a typical radius of the pipe. In both these limits it is found that the geometry of the pipe is crucial in determining the nature of the induced steady streaming. If the ends of the pipe have the same mean radius it is found that the steady streaming consists of regions of recirculation between the nodes of the pipe. Otherwise the steady streaming is of a larger order of magnitude and has a component which represents a net flow towards the wider end of the pipe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-226
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 1974
Externally publishedYes

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