Unlocking Insights: Analysing COVID-19 lockdown policies and mobility data in Victoria, Australia, through a data-driven machine learning approach

Shiyang Lyu, Oyelola Adegboye, Kiki Adhinugraha, Theophilus I. Emeto, David Taniar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


The state of Victoria, Australia, implemented one of the world’s most prolonged cumulative lockdowns in 2020 and 2021. Although lockdowns have proven effective in managing COVID-19 worldwide, this approach faced challenges in containing the rising infection in Victoria. This study evaluates the effects of short-term (less than 60 days) and long-term (more than 60 days) lockdowns on public mobility and the effectiveness of various social restriction measures within these periods. The aim is to understand the complexities of pandemic management by examining various measures over different lockdown durations, thereby contributing to more effective COVID-19 containment methods. Using restriction policy, community mobility, and COVID-19 data, a machine-learning-based simulation model was proposed, incorporating analysis of correlation, infection doubling time, and effective lockdown date. The model result highlights the significant impact of public event cancellations in preventing COVID-19 infection during short- and long-term lockdowns and the importance of international travel controls in long-term lockdowns. The effectiveness of social restriction was found to decrease significantly with the transition from short to long lockdowns, characterised by increased visits to public places and increased use of public transport, which may be associated with an increase in the effective reproduction number (Rt) and infected cases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3
Number of pages19
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2023


  • data driven
  • digital health
  • epidemiology
  • healthcare
  • infection control
  • machine learning
  • social restriction

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