Unfolding the impact of leadership and management on sustainability performance: green and lean practices and guanxi as the dual mediators

Pik-Yin Foo, Voon-Hsien Lee, Keng-Boon Ooi, Garry Wei-Han Tan, Amrik Sohal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


This study aims to empirically evaluate the predictors that influence sustainability performance among manufacturing firms. Leadership and management, green and lean practices, and guanxi were examined to determine whether these predictors are directly and/or indirectly affecting sustainability performance; 160 valid responses were collected and partial-least-squares-structural-equation-modeling (PLS-SEM) was used to analyze the data. The results showed that leadership and management positively influenced green and lean practices and green and lean practices positively influenced sustainability performance. Leadership and management also positively influenced guanxi. Interestingly, leadership and management and guanxi do not exert a significant direct influence on sustainability performance. The findings contributed to the development of the resource-based-view theory further by empirically exploring the significance of leadership and management coupled with green and lean practices as competencies and capability to drive sustainability performance. The testing of the dual mediators' effects further added value to this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4136-4153
Number of pages18
JournalBusiness Strategy and the Environment
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • green and lean practices
  • guanxi
  • leadership and management
  • manufacturing firms
  • sustainability performance

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