Unemployment and the labor share

Sephorah Mangin, Petr Sedláček

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The labor share fluctuates over the business cycle. To explain this behavior, we develop a novel model featuring direct competition between heterogeneous firms to hire workers. This simultaneously endogenizes both average match productivity and the division of output between workers and firms. In existing matches, wages partly reflect labor market conditions at the time of hiring. A positive TFP shock therefore reduces the aggregate labor share, making it counter-cyclical. However, greater competition and lower unemployment increase labor's share among new firms. As more firms enter, the aggregate labor share rises and eventually overshoots its initial level, as in the data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-59
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Monetary Economics
Volume94
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Cohort effects
  • Factor shares
  • Heterogeneous firms
  • Labor share
  • Unemployment

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