Undiagnosed fracture in a common foot variant: The biphalangeal little toe

Warren M Rozen, Genia Rozen, Norman Eizenberg, Marius Fahrer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOther

7 Citations (Scopus)


The biphalangeal little toe is an anatomical anomaly that has been previously well described in the early anatomical literature. But, as is the case with many anomalies, there is a lack of awareness of it amongst current clinicians. We report the case of a fracture through the distal phalanx of the little toe, with a delay in the diagnosis due to confusion over the X-ray findings. X-rays revealed a biphalangeal toe with a fracture through the distal phalanx, which mimicked the usual triphalangeal toe. This is the first reported case of clinical confusion over this anatomical variation. A review of 102 human skeletal feet at the Department of Anatomy, University of Melbourne, was performed to evaluate the frequency of the biphalangeal little toe variant, revealing an incidence of 26 .
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233 - 235
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Journal of Morphology
Issue number4-5
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

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