Leçons tirées des évènements indésirables en anesthésie

Translated title of the contribution: Undesirable events in anaesthesia: What have we learned?

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Abstract

Anesthetic practice is inherently risky. Adverse events associated with anaesthetic practice have been evaluated for a long time. A significant decrease in anaesthesia-related mortality and morbidity has been achieved over the last 50 years. This improvement is the result of multiple innovations such as the use of ASA classification, systematic preoperative assessment of comorbidities, color codes for oxygen and nitrous oxide cylinders, pulsoxymeters, postanaesthesia care units and devices measuring depth of anesthesia. However, the value of the evidences supporting the use of these innovations is highly variable. If the level of evidences demonstrating the effectiveness of bispectral index and other measures of the depth of anesthesia to prevent awareness is high, the evidence supporting color coding of oxygen and nitrous oxide cylinders to reduce the risk of anoxia is low. These innovations are mainly supported by common sense. However, many innovations and procedures should be more systematically assessed in order to discriminate effective from ineffective practices or devices, for the best benefit of patients.

Translated title of the contributionUndesirable events in anaesthesia: What have we learned?
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)242-246
Number of pages5
JournalPraticien en Anesthesie Reanimation
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • Guidelines
  • Human error
  • Iatrogenic complications
  • Patient safety
  • Undesirable events

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