Underwater object detection and reconstruction based on active single-pixel imaging and super-resolution convolutional neural network

Mengdi Li, Anumol Mathai, Stephen L.H. Lau, Jian Wei Yam, Xiping Xu, Xin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Due to medium scattering, absorption, and complex light interactions, capturing objects from the underwater environment has always been a difficult task. Single-pixel imaging (SPI) is an efficient imaging approach that can obtain spatial object information under low-light conditions. In this paper, we propose a single-pixel object inspection system for the underwater environment based on compressive sensing super-resolution convolutional neural network (CS-SRCNN). With the CS-SRCNN algorithm, image reconstruction can be achieved with 30% of the total pixels in the image. We also investigate the impact of compression ratios on underwater object SPI reconstruction performance. In addition, we analyzed the effect of peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) and structural similarity index (SSIM) to determine the image quality of the reconstructed image. Our work is compared to the SPI system and SRCNN method to demonstrate its efficiency in capturing object results from an underwater environment. The PSNR and SSIM of the proposed method have increased to 35.44% and 73.07%, respectively. This work provides new insight into SPI applications and creates a better alternative for underwater optical object imaging to achieve good quality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number313
Number of pages17
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Compressive sensing
  • Single-pixel imaging
  • Super-resolution convolutional neural network

Cite this