The use of liquid crystalline nanoparticles as potential agrochemical delivery agents or adjuvant systems is gaining traction due to the possibility that the systems can enhance penetration of the active and increase adhesion of the formulation to the leaf, increasing overall efficacy and decreasing the harmful environmental impact. However the interaction between liquid crystalline nanoparticles and active products is not well understood. Using small angle X-ray scattering we investigated the structural changes that occur to liquid crystalline nanoparticles upon addition of three common herbicides, 2,4-D 2-ethylhexyl ester, bromoxynil octanoate and haloxyfop-p-methyl ester active agrochemicals in the form of emulsions. It was found that the hydrophobic herbicides induced structural changes to varying degrees when pre-mixed with liquid crystalline forming lipids (phytantriol and glycerol monooleate) and also during dynamic mixing as emulsions.
- Liquid crystal