Understanding the influence of lattice composition on the photocatalytic activity of defect-pyrochlore-structured semiconductor mixed oxides

Larissa Schwertmann, Anna Grunert, Anna Pougin, Chenghua Sun, Michael Wark, Roland Marschall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The defect-pyrochlore-structured photocatalyst CsTaWO6 is an ideal starting material for anion doping from the gas phase, and is known to be highly active for solar hydrogen generation under simulated sunlight without co-catalysts. To investigate the active site of CsTaWO6 for hydrogen generation and to understand the effects of the two d0 elements in the compound, systematic and successive element substitution of tantalum and tungsten on the crystallographic 16c sites of the starting material has been performed. Substituting lattice tantalum with niobium hardly changes the band gap of the resulting compounds CsTa(1 -x)Nb x WO6, but the photocatalytic activity for hydrogen generation and oxidation reactions is strongly influenced. By investigating the surface reactivity toward adsorption, surface effects altering the activity are identified. In contrast, substituting lattice tungsten with molybdenum reduces the band gap of CsTaWO6 into the visible-light range. Materials containing Mo are however not able to generate hydrogen anymore, due to the altered conduction band positions proven by density functional theory calculations. CsTaMoO6 exhibits a band gap of 2.9 eV and evolves oxygen efficiently under UV light irradiation after CoPi co-catalyst deposition, and even under visible light small amounts of oxygen. CsTaWO6 is a unique photocatalyst with two d0 elements, exhibiting a defect-pyrochlore structure. By variation of its lattice composition, the photocatalytic properties of the material are investigated, in pursuit of revealing the active sites for water oxidation and reduction reactions without any cocatalyst, and for the first time oxygen evolution in visible light with CoPiCsTaMoO6.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)905-912
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Band gap engineering
  • Defect-pyrochlore structure
  • Materials chemistry
  • Mixed oxides
  • Photocatalysis

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