Understanding respiratory microbiome-immune system interactions in health and disease

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16 Citations (Scopus)


Interactions between the developing microbiome and maturing immune system in early life are critical for establishment of a homeostasis beneficial to both host and commensals. The lung harbors a diverse community of microbes associated with health and local or systemic disease. We discuss how early life colonization and community changes correlate with immune development and health and disease throughout infancy, childhood, and adult life. We highlight key advances in microbiology, immunology, and computational biology that allow investigation of the functional relevance of interactions between the respiratory microbiome and host immune system, which may unlock the potential for microbiome-based therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereabq5126
Number of pages15
JournalScience Translational Medicine
Issue number678
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2023

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