Objective To assess health behaviours, physical activity levels, weight gain and development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in high-risk women. Design An observational sub-study of a larger randomised controlled trial. Setting A large tertiary hospital in Australia. Population Ninety-seven women (mean age 31.7 ? 4.5 years; body mass index 30.3 ? 5.9 kg/m 2) at risk of developing GDM. Methods Women were identified as at risk of GDM based on a validated screening tool. Baseline measures were completed at 12-15 weeks of gestation and repeated at 26-28 weeks of gestation. Main outcome measures Anthropometric (weight and height) and physical activity assessment (Yamax pedometer and International physical activity questionnaire), questionnaires (self-efficacy) and GDM screening. Results By 28 weeks of gestation, there was a high GDM prevalence of 26 using the recent International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group criteria. Weight gain in overweight (body mass index 25-29.9 kg/m 2) and obese (body mass index >30.0 kg/m 2) women exceeded minimum total weight gain recommendations set by the Institute of Medicine (P <0.01). Physical activity levels were low and declined during pregnancy (5437 ? 2951 steps/day to 4096 ? 2438 steps/day, respectively, P <0.001). Despite reduced activity levels, increased weight gain and high GDM incidence many women did not accurately perceive GDM risk and were confident in their ability to control weight. A significant association with physical activity, weight and GDM outcome was not observed. Conclusions Overweight and obese pregnant women at risk for developing GDM demonstrate excessive weight gain and a reduced level of physical activity observed from early pregnancy to 28 weeks of gestation. Results highlight the need for targeted intervention in women at risk for developing GDM.
|Pages (from-to)||731 - 738|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|