Understanding gestational weight gain: The role of weight-related expectations and knowledge

Skye McPhie, Helen Skouteris, Briony Hill, Melissa Hayden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Health behaviour theories acknowledge that beliefs, attitudes and knowledge contribute to health behaviours, yet the role of these cognitions in predicting weight gain during pregnancy has not been widely researched. Aims: To explore and compare the predictive nature of gestational weight gain (GWG) expectations and knowledge on weight gain during pregnancy. Materials and Methods: One hundred and sixty-six women were tracked during pregnancy. Participants provided information on prepregnancy weight, height, GWG expectations and knowledge at 16-18 weeks' gestation (Time 1). To calculate gestational weight gain, prepregnancy weight was subtracted from weight at 36 weeks' gestation (collected at Time 2). Gestational weight gain above the Institute of Medicine's GWG recommendations was classified as excessive. A hierarchical regression examined the predictive nature of GWG expectations for actual GWG. Chi-square significance tests determined whether the accuracy of GWG knowledge differed depending on GWG status and prepregnancy BMI category. Results: GWG expectations were a significant predictor of weight gain during pregnancy. Women who experienced excessive GWG were more likely to overestimate the minimum amount of weight that they needed to gain to have a healthy baby. Conclusions: GWG expectations are predictive of actual GWG, and GWG knowledge among women is generally poor. In particular, overestimating of the minimum amount of weight to gain during pregnancy is associated with excessive GWG. As such, it may be beneficial to design interventions to prevent excessive GWG that targets these cognitions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-26
Number of pages6
JournalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • beliefs
  • knowledge
  • obesity
  • pregnancy
  • weight gain

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