Understanding bikeability: a methodology to assess urban networks

Giulia Reggiani, Tim van Oijen, Homayoun Hamedmoghadam, Winnie Daamen, Hai L. Vu, Serge Hoogendoorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


A fully separated bicycle network from vehicular traffic is not realistic even for the most bicycle-friendly cities. Thus, all around the world urban cycling entails switching between streets of different safety, convenience, and comfort levels. As a consequence, the quality of bicycle networks should be evaluated not based on one but multiple factors and by considering the different user preferences regarding these factors. More comprehensive methodologies to assess urban bicycle networks are essential to the operation and planning of modern city transportation. This work proposes a multi-objective methodology to assess—what we refer to as—bikeability between origin–destination locations and over the entire network, useful for evaluation and planning of bicycle networks. We do so by introducing the concept of bikeability curves which allows us to assess the quality of cycling in a city network with respect to the heterogeneity of user preferences. The application of the proposed methodology is demonstrated on two cities with different bike cultures: Amsterdam and Melbourne. Our results suggest the effectiveness of bikeability curves in describing the characteristic features and differences in the two networks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)897–925
Number of pages29
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • Bikeability
  • Complex network analysis
  • Multi-layer networks
  • Multi-objective optimisation
  • Urban traffic networks

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