Understanding anthropometric characteristics associated with performance in manual lifting tasks

Ben Beck, Kane J. Middleton, Daniel C. Billing, Joanne N. Caldwell, Greg L Carstairs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Beck, B, Middleton, KJ, Billing, DC, Caldwell, JN, and Carstairs, GL. Understanding anthropometric characteristics associated with performance in manual lifting tasks. J Strength Cond Res 33(3): 755-761, 2019-Manual lifting is an essential military job task and is commonly linked to occupational injury. Methods to reduce injury risk focus on ensuring that employees have the requisite physical capacity to safely conduct critical job tasks. The aim of this study was to investigate which anthropometric characteristics are associated with lifting performance to inform targeted training programs for job-critical lifting tasks. Sixty-three (42 men and 21 women) participants conducted 3 maximal lifts to a platform (pack lift to 1.5 m, box lift to 1.3 m and box lift to 1.5 m). A dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scan was used to quantify anthropometric characteristics (body region-specific lean mass and fat mass). Although anthropometric measures were strongly associated with each other, multivariable linear regression revealed that a significant proportion of the total variation in lifting performance in each of the 3 tasks was explained by upper-arm lean mass (pack lift: β = 5.42, p < 0.001; box lift 1.3 m: β = 5.64, p < 0.001; box lift 1.5 m: β = 7.00, p < 0.001). Leg lean mass also significantly contributed to the variation of pack lift performance (β = 0.93, p = 0.01). When controlling for key anthropometric characteristics in these 3 tasks, separate analyses showed no significant effect of sex or stature on lift performance. These results suggest that the perceived limitations of stature and sex may be overcome by targeted training programs to improve specific physical characteristics associated with lifting performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-761
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

Cite this

@article{117e901187614067b053f2e4c2fe55b0,
title = "Understanding anthropometric characteristics associated with performance in manual lifting tasks",
abstract = "Beck, B, Middleton, KJ, Billing, DC, Caldwell, JN, and Carstairs, GL. Understanding anthropometric characteristics associated with performance in manual lifting tasks. J Strength Cond Res 33(3): 755-761, 2019-Manual lifting is an essential military job task and is commonly linked to occupational injury. Methods to reduce injury risk focus on ensuring that employees have the requisite physical capacity to safely conduct critical job tasks. The aim of this study was to investigate which anthropometric characteristics are associated with lifting performance to inform targeted training programs for job-critical lifting tasks. Sixty-three (42 men and 21 women) participants conducted 3 maximal lifts to a platform (pack lift to 1.5 m, box lift to 1.3 m and box lift to 1.5 m). A dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scan was used to quantify anthropometric characteristics (body region-specific lean mass and fat mass). Although anthropometric measures were strongly associated with each other, multivariable linear regression revealed that a significant proportion of the total variation in lifting performance in each of the 3 tasks was explained by upper-arm lean mass (pack lift: β = 5.42, p < 0.001; box lift 1.3 m: β = 5.64, p < 0.001; box lift 1.5 m: β = 7.00, p < 0.001). Leg lean mass also significantly contributed to the variation of pack lift performance (β = 0.93, p = 0.01). When controlling for key anthropometric characteristics in these 3 tasks, separate analyses showed no significant effect of sex or stature on lift performance. These results suggest that the perceived limitations of stature and sex may be overcome by targeted training programs to improve specific physical characteristics associated with lifting performance.",
author = "Ben Beck and Middleton, {Kane J.} and Billing, {Daniel C.} and Caldwell, {Joanne N.} and Carstairs, {Greg L}",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1519/JSC.0000000000002113",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "755--761",
journal = "Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research",
issn = "1064-8011",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
number = "3",

}

Understanding anthropometric characteristics associated with performance in manual lifting tasks. / Beck, Ben; Middleton, Kane J.; Billing, Daniel C.; Caldwell, Joanne N.; Carstairs, Greg L.

In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol. 33, No. 3, 01.03.2019, p. 755-761.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Understanding anthropometric characteristics associated with performance in manual lifting tasks

AU - Beck, Ben

AU - Middleton, Kane J.

AU - Billing, Daniel C.

AU - Caldwell, Joanne N.

AU - Carstairs, Greg L

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - Beck, B, Middleton, KJ, Billing, DC, Caldwell, JN, and Carstairs, GL. Understanding anthropometric characteristics associated with performance in manual lifting tasks. J Strength Cond Res 33(3): 755-761, 2019-Manual lifting is an essential military job task and is commonly linked to occupational injury. Methods to reduce injury risk focus on ensuring that employees have the requisite physical capacity to safely conduct critical job tasks. The aim of this study was to investigate which anthropometric characteristics are associated with lifting performance to inform targeted training programs for job-critical lifting tasks. Sixty-three (42 men and 21 women) participants conducted 3 maximal lifts to a platform (pack lift to 1.5 m, box lift to 1.3 m and box lift to 1.5 m). A dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scan was used to quantify anthropometric characteristics (body region-specific lean mass and fat mass). Although anthropometric measures were strongly associated with each other, multivariable linear regression revealed that a significant proportion of the total variation in lifting performance in each of the 3 tasks was explained by upper-arm lean mass (pack lift: β = 5.42, p < 0.001; box lift 1.3 m: β = 5.64, p < 0.001; box lift 1.5 m: β = 7.00, p < 0.001). Leg lean mass also significantly contributed to the variation of pack lift performance (β = 0.93, p = 0.01). When controlling for key anthropometric characteristics in these 3 tasks, separate analyses showed no significant effect of sex or stature on lift performance. These results suggest that the perceived limitations of stature and sex may be overcome by targeted training programs to improve specific physical characteristics associated with lifting performance.

AB - Beck, B, Middleton, KJ, Billing, DC, Caldwell, JN, and Carstairs, GL. Understanding anthropometric characteristics associated with performance in manual lifting tasks. J Strength Cond Res 33(3): 755-761, 2019-Manual lifting is an essential military job task and is commonly linked to occupational injury. Methods to reduce injury risk focus on ensuring that employees have the requisite physical capacity to safely conduct critical job tasks. The aim of this study was to investigate which anthropometric characteristics are associated with lifting performance to inform targeted training programs for job-critical lifting tasks. Sixty-three (42 men and 21 women) participants conducted 3 maximal lifts to a platform (pack lift to 1.5 m, box lift to 1.3 m and box lift to 1.5 m). A dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scan was used to quantify anthropometric characteristics (body region-specific lean mass and fat mass). Although anthropometric measures were strongly associated with each other, multivariable linear regression revealed that a significant proportion of the total variation in lifting performance in each of the 3 tasks was explained by upper-arm lean mass (pack lift: β = 5.42, p < 0.001; box lift 1.3 m: β = 5.64, p < 0.001; box lift 1.5 m: β = 7.00, p < 0.001). Leg lean mass also significantly contributed to the variation of pack lift performance (β = 0.93, p = 0.01). When controlling for key anthropometric characteristics in these 3 tasks, separate analyses showed no significant effect of sex or stature on lift performance. These results suggest that the perceived limitations of stature and sex may be overcome by targeted training programs to improve specific physical characteristics associated with lifting performance.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85054481672&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002113

DO - 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002113

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 755

EP - 761

JO - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

JF - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

SN - 1064-8011

IS - 3

ER -