Underexpression of the 43 kDa inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase is associated with cellular transformation

Caroline J. Speed, Peter J. Little, John A. Hayman, Christina A. Mitchell

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Abstract

The 43 kDa inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase (5-phosphatase) hydrolyses the second messenger molecules inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3] and inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate [Ins(1,3,4,5)P4]. We have underexpressed the 43 kDa 5-phosphatase by stably transfecting normal rat kidney cells with the cDNA encoding the enzyme, cloned in the antisense orientation into the tetracycline-inducible expression vector pUHD10-3. Antisense-transfected cells demonstrated a 45% reduction in Ins(1,4,5)P3 5-phosphatase activity in the total cell homogenate upon withdrawal of tetracycline, and an ~80% reduction in the detergent-soluble membrane fraction of the cell, as compared with antisense-transfected cells in the presence of tetracycline. Unstimulated antisense-transfected cells showed a concomitant 2-fold increase in Ins(1,4,5)P3 and 4-fold increase in Ins(1,3,3,5)P4 levels. The basal intracellular calcium concentration of antisense-transfected cells (170 ± 25 nM) was increased 1.9-fold, compared with cells transfected with vector alone (90 ± 25 nM). Cells underexpressing the 43 kDa 5-phosphatase demonstrated a transformed phenotype. Antisense-transfected cells grew at a 1.7-fold faster rate, reached confluence at higher density and demonstrated increased [3H]thymidine incorporation compared with cells transfected with vector alone. Furthermore, antisense-transfected cells formed colonies in soft agar and tumours in nude mice. These studies support the contention that a decrease in Ins(1,4,5)P3 5-phosphatase activity is associated with cellular transformation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4852-4861
Number of pages10
JournalThe EMBO Journal
Volume15
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 16 Sep 1996

Keywords

  • 5-phosphatase
  • Cell transformation
  • Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate

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