Ultraviolet/Visible and Near-Infrared Dual Spectroscopic Method for Detection and Quantification of Low-Level Malaria Parasitemia in Whole Blood

John A. Adegoke, Amanda De Paoli, Isaac O. Afara, Kamila Kochan, Darren J. Creek, Philip Heraud, Bayden R. Wood

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4 Citations (Scopus)


The scourge of malaria infection continues to strike hardest against pregnant women and children in Africa and South East Asia. For global elimination, testing methods that are ultrasensitive to low-level ring-staged parasitemia are urgently required. In this study, we used a novel approach for diagnosis of malaria infection by combining both electronic ultraviolet-visible (UV/vis) spectroscopy and near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy to detect and quantify low-level (1-0.000001%) ring-staged malaria-infected whole blood under physiological conditions uisng Multiclass classification using logistic regression, which showed that the best results were achieved using the extended wavelength range, providing an accuracy of 100% for most parasitemia classes. Likewise, partial least-squares regression (PLS-R) analysis showed a higher quantification sensitivity (R2= 0.898) for the extended spectral region compared to UV/vis and NIR (R2= 0.806 and 0.556, respectively). For quantifying different-stage blood parasites, the extended wavelength range was able to detect and quantify all thePlasmodium falciparumaccurately compared to testing each spectral component separately. These results demonstrate the potential of a combined UV/vis-NIR spectroscopy to accurately diagnose malaria-infected patients without the need for elaborate sample preparation associated with the existing mid-IR approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13302-13310
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number39
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2021

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