Ultrathin membrane with robust and superior CO2 permeance by precision control of multilayer structures

Hoseong Han, Joel M.P. Scofield, Paul A. Gurr, Paul A. Webley, Greg G. Qiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reducing CO2 emissions in the atmosphere is an urgent task to resolve serious environmental issues including global warming. Polymer-based ultrathin film composite (UTFC) membranes are an attractive strategy compared with other CO2 separation technologies due to their lower environmental impacts, higher cost-efficiency, and ease of scale-up. However, improving the gas separation performance with a simplified fabrication process is still needed for practical uses. The key to designing a high-performing gas separation composite membrane is the development of a highly gas-permeable gutter layer and ultrathin high-selective top layer. While the top layers in nanoscale thicknesses have been recently developed, achieving high gas permeance is still challenging due to the existing less controlled gutter layer. Gutter layers afford a uniform and highly permeable base to which an ultrathin selective layer can be coated, minimising the gas permeance loss while maintaining the gas selectivity. Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is a common and widely used material for gutter layers due to its inherent high gas permeability. However, the CO2 permeance of these films is limited to between 1,500 and 5,000 GPU as the current uncontrollable fabrication methods tend to produce thicker layers. Here we report a new fabrication method with precise thickness control, which results in ultrathin gutter layers showing consistent CO2 permeance with 13,920 ± 1,770 GPU without any reduction in CO2/N2 selectivity. When this gutter layer was coated with a selective layer of PolyActive™ (PA), the resultant PAN/PDMS/PA composite membranes outperformed previously reported UTFC membranes with a CO2 permeance of 3,555 GPU and CO2/N2 selectivity of 40.

Original languageEnglish
Article number142087
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume462
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2023

Keywords

  • CO/N separation
  • crosslinked PDMS
  • PolyActive
  • post-combustion CO capture
  • ultrathin film composite membranes

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