Since many peptidergic cell groups receive a diverse and complex monoaminergic innervation, we have developed a double-label procedure to visualize a peptide and a catecholamine in the same ultrathin section. Radiolabeled norepinephrine (NE) is applied locally and its reuptake into NE terminals is demonstrated by ultrastructural radioautography. Controls in this and other studies demonstrate that the NE labels only NE (and possibly epinephrine) terminals and not dopaminergic or serotonergic terminals. In the same tissue, vasopressin is localized by immunocytochemistry on unembedded sections that are subsequently embedded in epoxy resins for thin sectioning. The procedure as described here shows that NE terminals in the periventricular zone of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus innervate both vasopressin-positive and vasopressin-negative structures. This technique is useful in determining the chemical connectivity of the hypothalamus.