Ultrasound-assisted synthesis of electrocatalysts for hydrogen production

Pavel V. Cherepanov, Daria V. Andreeva

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Otherpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Hydrogen is a clean fuel that can be produced by means of hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) during water splitting process. HER requires the catalysts which could provide reversible binding of hydrogen that is energetically comparable with the process catalyzed by platinum (Pt). According to the most recent industrial reports, only 5 % of worldwide produced hydrogen is coming from electrolytic water splitting. One of the main obstacles is a very high onset overpotential which results in high energy consumption during hydrogen production process. Another problem is use of rather expensive precious metals and complicated multistep technological processes for synthesis of nanostructured materials. In this chapter, the main structural, compositional, and morphological aspects defining the efficiency of inorganic materials toward HER are summarized. Furthermore, materials containing earth-abundant transition and rare earth metals are highlighted as possible alternatives to Pt. It is demonstrated that alloys, nanoalloys, and near-surface alloys offer a number of potentially effective candidates toward HER. Use of high-intensity ultrasound for bottom-up synthesis of catalysts and especially for top-down structuring as well as activation of metal surfaces is discussed as a promising technological solution for the design of low-cost, robust, and efficient electrocatalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Ultrasonics and Sonochemistry
EditorsMuthupandian Ashokkumar
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherSpringer Science + Business Media
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9789812872784
ISBN (Print)9789812872777
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Electrocatalysis
  • High-intensity ultrasound
  • Hydrogen evolution reaction
  • Metal alloy
  • Water splitting

Cite this

Cherepanov, P. V., & Andreeva, D. V. (2016). Ultrasound-assisted synthesis of electrocatalysts for hydrogen production. In M. Ashokkumar (Ed.), Handbook of Ultrasonics and Sonochemistry (pp. 525-552). Springer Science + Business Media. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-278-4_19