Ultrasensitive immunoassay of 7-aminoclonazepam in human urine based on CdTe nanoparticle bioconjugations by fabricated microfluidic chip

Wei Chen, Chifang Peng, Zhengyue Jin, Ruirui Qiao, Wuyang Wang, Shuifang Zhu, Libing Wang, Qinhui Jin, Chuanlai Xu

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42 Citations (Scopus)


The present paper described a rapid and ultrasensitive detection method using a microfluidic chip for analyzing 7-aminoclonazepam (7-ACZP) residues in human urine. A microfluidic chip-based immunoassay with laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) detection based on the water-soluble denatured bovine serum albumin (dBSA)-coated CdTe quantum dots (QDs) was prepared for the ultrasensitive detection of 7-ACZP. The whole procedure including the chip and the control software was designed and constructed in our own laboratory. The detection of 7-ACZP could be completed within 5 min. The results demonstrated that under the optima conditions, 7-ACZP residues could be detected with a precision of 5% relative standard deviation (RSD), and the linear range and the limit of detection (LOD) for 7-ACZP were 1.1-60.1 and 0.021 ng mL-1, respectively. This method was compared with ELISA and showed a good correlation. This microfluidic chip with LIF detection was applied to the determination of 7-ACZP residues in positive human urine samples, and the results were confirmed by high-performance liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). This ultrasensitive detection technique was proved to be practical for clinical use. Crown

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2051-2056
Number of pages6
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • 7-Aminoclonazepam
  • CdTe nanoparticle
  • Immunoassay
  • LC/MS/MS
  • Microfluidic Chip
  • Ultrasensitive

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