Ultrafast dynamics of pyrrolidinium cation ionic liquids

Hideaki Shirota, Alison Funston, James Wishart, Edward Castner, Jr

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We have investigated the ultrafast molecular dynamics of five pyrrolidinium cation room temperature ionic liquids using femtosecond optical heterodyne-detected Raman-induced Kerr effect spectroscopy. The ionic liquids studied are N-butyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide P-14(+)/NTf2-), N-methoxyethyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide P-1EOE(+)/NTf2-), N-ethoxyethyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide P-1EOE(+)/NTf2-), N-ethoxyethyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bromide P-1EOE(+), and N-ethoxyethyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium dicyanoamide P-1EOE(+)/DCA(-)). For comparing dynamics among the five ionic liquids, we categorize the ionic liquids into two groups. One group of liquids comprises the three pyrrolidinium cations P-14(+), P-1EOM(+), and P-1EOE(+) paired with the NTf2- anion. The other group of liquids consists of the P-1EOE(+) cation paired with each of the three anions NTf2-, Br-, and DCA(-). The overdamped relaxation for time scales longer than 2 ps has been fit by a triexponential function for each of the five pyrrolidinium ionic liquids. The fast (similar to 2 ps) and intermediate (similar to 20 ps) relaxation time constants vary little among these five ionic liquids. However, the slow relaxation time constant correlates with the viscosity. Thus, the Kerr spectra in the range from 0 to 750 cm(-1) are quite similar for the group of three pyrrolidinium ionic liquids paired with the NTf2- anion. The intermolecular vibrational line shapes between 0 and 150 cm-1 are fit to a multimode Brownian oscillator model; adequate fits required at least three modes to be included in the line shape. (c) 2005 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 12
Number of pages11
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

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