In this paper we propose a novel way to prescribe weakly the symmetry of stress tensors in weak formulations amenable to the construction of mixed finite element schemes. The approach is first motivated in the context of solid mechanics (using, for illustrative purposes, the linear problem of linear elasticity), and then we apply this technique to reduce the computational cost of augmented fully-mixed methods for thermal convection problems in fluid mechanics, in the case where several additional variables are defined. We show that the new approach allows to maintain the same structure of the mathematical analysis as in the original formulations. Therefore we only need to focus on ellipticity of certain bilinear forms, as this property provides feasible ranges for the stabilization parameters that complete the description of augmented methods. In addition, we present some numerical examples to show that these methods perform better than their counterparts that include vorticity, and emphasize that the reduction in degrees of freedom (and therefore, in computational cost) does not affect the quality of numerical solutions.
- A priori error estimates
- Boussinesq equations
- Linear elasticity
- Mixed finite element methods
- Ultra-weakly imposed symmetry