Topological crystalline insulators (TCIs) are predicted to be a promising candidate material for ultra-broadband photodetectors ranging from ultraviolet (UV) to terahertz (THz) due to its gapless surface state and narrow bulk bandgap. However, the low responsivity of TCIs-based photodetectors limits their further applications. In this regard, a high-performance photodetector based on SnTe, a recently developed TCI, working in a broadband wavelength range from deep UV to mid-IR with high responsivity is reported. By taking advantage of the strong light absorption and small bandgap of SnTe, photodetectors based on the as-grown SnTe crystalline nanoflakes as well as specific short channel length achieve a high responsivity (71.11 A W−1 at 254 nm, 49.03 A W−1 at 635 nm, 10.91 A W−1 at 1550 nm, and 4.17 A W−1 at 4650 nm) and an ultra-broad spectral response (254–4650 nm) simultaneously. Moreover, for the first time, a durable flexible SnTe photodetector fabricated directly on a polyethylene terephthalate film is demonstrated. These results prove the great potential of TCIs as a promising material for integrated and flexible optoelectronic devices.
- flexible photodetector
- high responsivity
- topological crystalline insulators