Two-generation preschool programme: Immediate and 7-year-old outcomes for low-income children and their parents

Karen Benzies, Richelle Mychasiuk, Jana Kurilova, Suzanne Tough, Nancy Edwards, Carlene Donnelly

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7 Citations (Scopus)


Preschool children living in low-income families are at increased risk for poor outcomes; early intervention programmes mitigate these risks. While there is considerable evidence of the effectiveness of centre-based programmes in other jurisdictions, there is limited research about Canadian programmes, specifically programmes that include children and parents. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a single-site, two-generation preschool demonstration programme for low-income families in Canada. A single group, pre-test (programme intake) /post-test (programme exit) design with a 7-year-old follow-up was used. Between intake and exit, significant improvements in receptive language and global development were found among the children, and significant improvements in self-esteem, use of community resources, parenting stress and risk for child maltreatment were found among the parents. These positive improvements were sustained until the children were 7 years old. Public investment in two-generation preschool programmes may mitigate risks for suboptimal child development and improve parental psychosocial outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-214
Number of pages12
JournalChild & Family Social Work
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Children
  • Early intervention
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Parenting
  • Poverty

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