Two-dimensional retention indices improve component identification in comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography of saffron

Ming Jiang, Chadin Kulsing, Yada Nolvachai, Philip Marriott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography hyphenated with accurate mass time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC ? GC-accTOFMS) was applied for improved analytical accuracy of saffron analysis, by using retention indices in the two-dimensional separation. This constitutes 3 dimensions of identification. In addition to accTOFMS specificity, and first dimension retention indices (1I), a simple method involving direct multiple injections with stepwise isothermal temperature programming is described for construction of isovolatility curves for reference alkane series in GC ? GC. This gives access to calculated second dimension retention indices (2I). Reliability of the calculated 2I was evaluated by using a Grob test mixture, and saturated alkanes, revealing good correlation between previously reported I values from the literature, with R2 correlation being 0.9997. This essentially recognizes the retention property of peaks in the GC ? GC 2D space as being reducible to a retention index in each dimension, which should be a valuable tool supporting identification. The benefit of 2I data, in supplementing 1I and MS library matching, was clearly demonstrated by the progressive reduction of the number of possible compound matches for peaks observed in saffron. 114 analytes were assessed according to 1I and 2I values within ?20 index unit of reference values, and by MS spectrum matching above a match statistic of 750 (including mass accuracy of the molecular ion
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5753 - 5761
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Cite this