Two-dimensional g-C3N4/TiO2 nanocomposites as vertical Z-scheme heterojunction for improved photocatalytic water disinfection

Yue Liu, Xiangkang Zeng, Xiaoyi Hu, Jian Hu, Zhouyou Wang, Yichun Yin, Chenghua Sun, Xiwang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Developing highly active photocatalysts towards effective microorganism inactivation is a green and energy-smart strategy in response to the growing demands to water quality under the background of the water crisis. Here, a vertical face-to-face heterojunction is fabricated by horizontally assembling TiO2 nanosheets with {001} facets exposed on graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) sheets through a facile hydrothermal driving coupling. The vertical heterojunction could almost completely disinfect 103 CFU/mL E. coli within 30 min under solar light, which is more efficient than the physically mixed composite and pure g-C3N4 and TiO2. The two-dimensional (2D) morphology provides ample surface area in forming the vertical heterojunction and enables intimate contact which is advantageous to charge transfer between g-C3N4 and TiO2. A Z-scheme charge transportation mechanism is confirmed through band structure analysis and reactive species (RSs) probing and trapping experiments. In comparison with physically mixed composite and the single-phase counterparts, the nanocomposite based on a Z-scheme electron transfer mode effectively prompts charge pair dissociation and subsequently encourages bacterial inactivation by boosting the generation of RSs. The constructing vertical Z-scheme heterojunction highlights the potential of 2D nanomaterials for accelerated water sterilization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-251
Number of pages9
JournalCatalysis Today
Volume335
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Photocatalysis
  • Two-dimensional materials
  • Vertical heterojunction
  • Water disinfection
  • Z-scheme heterojunction

Cite this

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abstract = "Developing highly active photocatalysts towards effective microorganism inactivation is a green and energy-smart strategy in response to the growing demands to water quality under the background of the water crisis. Here, a vertical face-to-face heterojunction is fabricated by horizontally assembling TiO2 nanosheets with {001} facets exposed on graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) sheets through a facile hydrothermal driving coupling. The vertical heterojunction could almost completely disinfect 103 CFU/mL E. coli within 30 min under solar light, which is more efficient than the physically mixed composite and pure g-C3N4 and TiO2. The two-dimensional (2D) morphology provides ample surface area in forming the vertical heterojunction and enables intimate contact which is advantageous to charge transfer between g-C3N4 and TiO2. A Z-scheme charge transportation mechanism is confirmed through band structure analysis and reactive species (RSs) probing and trapping experiments. In comparison with physically mixed composite and the single-phase counterparts, the nanocomposite based on a Z-scheme electron transfer mode effectively prompts charge pair dissociation and subsequently encourages bacterial inactivation by boosting the generation of RSs. The constructing vertical Z-scheme heterojunction highlights the potential of 2D nanomaterials for accelerated water sterilization.",
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Two-dimensional g-C3N4/TiO2 nanocomposites as vertical Z-scheme heterojunction for improved photocatalytic water disinfection. / Liu, Yue; Zeng, Xiangkang; Hu, Xiaoyi; Hu, Jian; Wang, Zhouyou; Yin, Yichun; Sun, Chenghua; Zhang, Xiwang.

In: Catalysis Today, Vol. 335, 09.2019, p. 243-251.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Liu, Yue

AU - Zeng, Xiangkang

AU - Hu, Xiaoyi

AU - Hu, Jian

AU - Wang, Zhouyou

AU - Yin, Yichun

AU - Sun, Chenghua

AU - Zhang, Xiwang

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