Two-dimensional bipyramid plasmonic nanoparticle liquid crystalline superstructure with four distinct orientational packing orders

Qianqian Shi, Kae Jye Si, Debabrata Sikdar, Lim Wei Yap, Malin Premaratne, Wenlong Cheng

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69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anisotropic plasmonic nanoparticles have been successfully used as constituent elements for growing ordered nanoparticle arrays. However, orientational control over their spatial ordering remains challenging. Here, we report on a self-assembled two-dimensional (2D) nanoparticle liquid crystalline superstructure (NLCS) from bipyramid gold nanoparticles (BNPs), which showed four distinct orientational packing orders, corresponding to horizontal alignment (H-NLCS), circular arrangement (C-NLCS), slanted alignment (S-NLCS), and vertical alignment (V-NLCS) of constituent particle building elements. These packing orders are characteristic of the unique shape of BNPs because all four packing modes were observed for particles with various sizes. Nevertheless, only H-NLCS and V-NLCS packing orders were observed for the free-standing ordered array nanosheets formed from a drying-mediated self-assembly at the air/water interface of a sessile droplet. This is due to strong surface tension and the absence of particle-substrate interaction. In addition, we found the collective plasmonic coupling properties mainly depend on the packing type, and characteristic coupling peak locations depend on particle sizes. Interestingly, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) enhancements were heavily dependent on the orientational packing ordering. In particular, V-NLCS showed the highest Raman enhancement factor, which was about 77-fold greater than the H-NLCS and about 19-fold greater than C-NLCS. The results presented here reveal the nature and significance of orientational ordering in controlling plasmonic coupling and SERS enhancements of ordered plasmonic nanoparticle arrays.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)967-976
Number of pages10
JournalACS Nano
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Bipyramid nanoparticles
  • Orientational packing
  • Plasmonic nanoparticle liquid crystalline superstructure
  • Self-assembly
  • SERS

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