Tuning the weak ferromagnetic states in dysprosium orthoferrite

Shixun Cao, Lei Chen, Weiyao Zhao, Kai Xu, Guohua Wang, Yali Yang, Baojuan Kang, Hongjian Zhao, Peng Chen, Alessandro Stroppa, Ren-Kui Zheng, Jincang Zhang, Wei Ren, Jorge Íñiguez, L. Bellaiche

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

RFeO 3 orthoferrites, where R is a rare-earth ion of the lanthanide series, are attracting attention mostly because of their promising fast spin dynamics. The magnetic properties of these materials seem to crucially depend on whether the magnetizations of the R and Fe ions' weak ferromagnetic (WFM) components are parallel or antiparallel to each other. Here, we report an extensive investigation of a high-quality DyFeO 3 single crystal in which the induced Dy 3+ magnetization (F Dy) has a natural tendency to be antiparallel to Fe 3+ sublattice magnetization (F Fe) within a large temperature window. Moreover, we find that specific variations of temperature and applied magnetic fields allow us to make F Dy parallel to F Fe, or force a spin-flip transition in F Fe, among other effects. We found three different magnetic states that respond to temperature and magnetic fields, i.e. linear versus constant or, alternatively, presenting either behavior depending on the history of the sample. An original magnetic field-versus-temperature phase diagram is constructed to indicate the region of stability of the different magnetic phases, and to reveal the precise conditions yielding sudden spin switching and reversals. Knowledge of such a phase diagram is of potential importance to applications in spintronics and magnetic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number37529
Number of pages9
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

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