Tuning particle biodegradation through polymer-peptide blend composition

Sylvia T. Gunawan, Kristian Kempe, Georgina K. Such, Jiwei Cui, Kang Liang, Joseph J. Richardson, Angus P R Johnston, Frank Caruso

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Abstract

We report the preparation of polymer-peptide blend replica particles via the mesoporous silica (MS) templated assembly of poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(2-diisopropylaminoethyl methacrylate-co-2-(2-(2-(prop-2-ynyloxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)ethyl methacrylate) (PEG45-b-P(DPA55-co-PgTEGMA4)) and poly(l-histidine) (PHis). PEG45-b-P(DPA55-co-PgTEGMA4) was synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), and was coinfiltrated with PHis into poly(methacrylic acid) (PMA)-coated MS particles assembled from different peptide-to-polymer ratios (1:1, 1:5, 1:10, or 1:15). Subsequent removal of the sacrificial templates and PMA resulted in monodisperse, colloidally stable, noncovalently cross-linked polymer-peptide blend replica particles that were stabilized by a combination of hydrophobic interactions between the PDPA and the PHis, hydrogen bonding between the PEG and PHis backbone, and π-π stacking of the imidazole rings of PHis side chains at physiological pH (pH ∼ 7.4). The synergistic charge-switchable properties of PDPA and PHis, and the enzymatic degradability of PHis, make these particles responsive to pH and enzymes. In vitro studies, in simulated endosomal conditions and inside cells, demonstrated that particle degradation kinetics could be engineered (from 2 to 8 h inside dendritic cells) based on simple adjustment of the peptide-to-polymer ratio used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4429-4438
Number of pages10
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Dec 2014

Cite this

Gunawan, S. T., Kempe, K., Such, G. K., Cui, J., Liang, K., Richardson, J. J., Johnston, A. P. R., & Caruso, F. (2014). Tuning particle biodegradation through polymer-peptide blend composition. Biomacromolecules, 15(12), 4429-4438. https://doi.org/10.1021/bm5012272