Tubular tissues and organs of human body-challenges in regenerative medicine

Aleksander Góra, Damian Pliszka, Shayanti Mukherjee, Seeram Ramakrishna

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tissue engineering of tubular organs such as the blood vessel, trachea gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract are of the great interest due to the high amount of surgeries performed annually on those organs. Development in tissue engineering in recent years and promising results, showed need to investigate more complex constructs that need to be designed in special manner. Stent technology remain the most widely used procedure to restore functions of tubular tissues after cancer treatment, or after organ removal due to traumatic accidents. Tubular structures like blood vessels, intestines, and trachea have to work in specific environment at the boundary of the liquids, solids or air and surrounding tissues and ensure suitable separation between them. This brings additional challenges in tissue engineering science in order to construct complete organs by using combinations of various cells along with the support material systems. Here we give a comprehensive review of the tubular structures of the human body, in perspective of the current methods of treatment and progress in regenerative medicine that aims to develop fully functioning organs of tubular shape. Extensive analysis of the available literature has been done focusing on materials and methods of creations of such organs. This work describes the attempts to incorporate growth factors and drugs within the scaffolds to ensure localized drug release and enhance vascularization of the organ by attracting blood vessels to the site of implantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-39
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electrospinning
  • Gastrointestinal stents
  • Grafts
  • Nanomaterials
  • Regenerative medicine
  • Tissue engineering
  • Tubular organs
  • Vascular stents

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