Truncation of alphaB-crystallin by the myopathy-causing Q151X mutation significantly destabilizes the protein leading to aggregate formation in transfected cells

Victoria H Hayes, Glyn Lee Devlin, Roy A Quinlan

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Abstract

Here we investigate the effects of a myopathy-causing mutation in alphaB-crystallin, Q151X, upon its structure and function. This mutation removes the C-terminal domain of alphaB-crystallin, which is expected to compromise both its oligomerization and chaperone activity. We compared this to two other alphaB-crystallin mutants (450delA, 464delCT) and also to a series of C-terminal truncations (E164X, E165X, K174X, and A171X). We find that the effects of the Q151X mutation were not always as predicted. Specifically, we have found that although the Q151X mutation decreased oligomerization of alphaB-crystallin and even increased some chaperone activities, it also significantly destabilized alphaB-crystallin causing it to self-aggregate. This conclusion was supported by our analyses of both the other disease-causing mutants and the series of C-terminal truncation constructs of alphaB-crystallin. The 450delA and 464delCT mutants could only be refolded and assayed as a complex with wild type alphaB-crystallin, which was not the case for Q151X alphaB-crystallin. From these studies, we conclude that all three disease-causing mutations (450delA, 464delCT, and Q151X) in the C-terminal extension destabilize alphaB-crystallin and increase its tendency to self-aggregate. We propose that it is this, rather than a catastrophic loss of chaperone activity, which is a major factor in the development of the reported diseases for the three disease-causing mutations studied here. In support of this hypothesis, we show that Q151X alphaB-crystallin is found mainly in the insoluble fraction of cell extracts from transient transfected cells, due to the formation of cytoplasmic aggregates
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10500 - 10512
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume283
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

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