Trisomy of Erg is required for myeloproliferation in a mouse model of Down syndrome

Ashley Quan Ping Ng, Craig D Hyland, Donald Metcalf, Catherine L. Carmichael, Stephen J. Loughran, Ladina Di Rago, Benjamin T. Kile, Warren S. Alexander

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Down syndrome is characterized by multiple phenotypic manifestations associated with trisomy of chromosome 21. The transient myeloproliferative disorder and acute megakaryocytic leukemia associated with Down syndrome are uniquely associated with mutations in the transcription factor GATA1; however, the identity of trisomic genes on chromosome 21 that predispose to these hematologic disorders remains unknown. Using a loss-of-function allele, we show that specific reduction to functional disomy of the Erg gene corrects the pathologic and hematologic features of myeloproliferation in the Ts(17 16)65Dn mouse model of Down syndrome, including megakaryocytosis and progenitor cell expansion. Our data provide genetic evidence establishing the need for Erg trisomy for myeloproliferation in Ts(1716)65Dn mice and imply that increased ERG gene dosage may be a key consequence of trisomy 21 that can predispose to malignant hematologic disorders in Down syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3966-3969
Number of pages4
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 13 May 2010

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