Trion resonance in polariton-electron scattering

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Strong interactions between charges and light-matter coupled quasiparticles offer an intriguing prospect with applications from optoelectronics to light-induced superconductivity. Here, we investigate how the interactions between electrons and exciton-polaritons in a two-dimensional semiconductor microcavity can be resonantly enhanced due to a strong coupling to a trion, i.e., an electron-exciton bound state. We develop a microscopic theory that uses a strongly screened interaction between charges to enable the summation of all possible diagrams in the polariton-electron scattering process, and we find that the polariton-electron interaction strength can be strongly varied and enhanced in the vicinity of the resonance. We furthermore derive an analytic approximation of the interaction strength based on universal low-energy scattering theory. This is found to match extremely well with our full calculation, indicating that the trion resonance is near universal, depending more on the strength of the light-matter coupling relative to the trion binding energy than on the details of the electronic interactions. Thus we expect the trion resonance in polariton-electron scattering to appear in a broad range of microcavity systems with few semiconductor layers such as doped monolayer MoSe2, where such resonances have recently been observed experimentally [Sidler, Nat. Phys. 13, 255 (2017)1745-247310.1038/nphys3949].

Original languageEnglish
Article number125416
Number of pages13
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2023

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