Trigeminal neuralgia, glossopharyngeal neuralgia, and myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome: An update

Mohammad Khan, Shamima Easmin Nishi, Siti Nazihahasma Hassan, Md Asiful Islam, Siew Hua Gan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleOtherpeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


Neuropathic pain is a common phenomenon that affects millions of people worldwide. Maxillofacial structures consist of various tissues that receive frequent stimulation during food digestion.The unique functions (masticatory process and facial expression)of the maxillofacial structure require the exquisite organization of both the peripheral and central nervous systems. Neuralgia is painful paroxysmal disorder of the head-neck region characterized by some commonly shared features such as the unilateral pain,transience and recurrence of attacks, and superficial and shock-like pain at a trigger point.These types of pain can be experienced after nerve injury or as a part of diseases that affect peripheral and central nerve function, or they can be psychological. Since the trigeminal and glossopharyngeal nerves innervate the oral structure, trigeminal and glossopharyngeal neuralgia are the most common syndromes following myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome. Nevertheless, misdiagnoses are common. The aim of this review is to discuss the currently available diagnostic procedures and treatment options for trigeminal neuralgia, glossopharyngeal neuralgia, and myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7438326
Number of pages19
JournalPain Research and Management
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes

Cite this