The crack growth in a plain sided Compact Tension specimen made of an annealed mild steel is simulated by a new tridimensional (3D) Finite Element analysis. The crack extension (Δa) is controlled by local Δa vs. load line displacement (νLL) curves originating from a multi-specimen JIC-test. The results of the 3D-analysis fit excellently to the measured load (P) vs. displacement and J-integral (J) vs. Δa-curves. It is shown that the local crack tip opening displacement at the advancing tip, CTOD, reaches a steady state value after a short transition region. Further, a modified version of a two layer model (TLM), which was used in previous studies, is introduced. The TLM replaces the expensive 3D-analysis by two 2D-analyses, a plane strain analysis for the midsection region and a plane stress analysis for the near side surface region. The modified TLM uses two local Δa vs. νLL curves (for the midsection and the side surface) to control the crack extension in the two layers. The P-νLL- and J-Δa-curves of the modified TLM come very close to the results of the 3D-analysis.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Aerospace Division. Publication AD|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 1996|