Triazene derivatives of (1,x-)diazacycloalkanes. Part VI. 3-({5,5-Dimethyl-3-[2-aryl-1-diazenyl]-1-imidazolidinyl}methyl)-4, 4-dimethyl-1-[2-aryl-1-diazenyl]imidazolidines - Synthesis, characterization, and X-ray crystal structure

Keith Vaughan, Shasta Lee Moser, Reid Tingley, M. Brad Peori, Valerio Bertolasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Reaction of a series of diazonium salts with a mixture of formaldehyde and 1,2-diamino-2-methylpropane affords the 3-({5,5-dimethyl-3-[2-aryl-1-diazenyl]- 1-imidazolidinyl}methyl)-4,4-dimethyl-1-[2-aryl-1-diazenyl]imidazolidines (1a-1f) in excellent yield. The products have been characterized by IR and NMR spectroscopic analysis, elemental analysis, and X-ray crystallography. The X-ray crystal structure of the p-methoxycarbonyl derivative (1c) establishes without question the connectivity of these novel molecules, which can be described as linear bicyclic oligomers with two imidazolidinyl groups linked together by a one-carbon spacer. This is indeed a rare molecular building block. The molecular structure is corroborated by 1H and 13C NMR data, which correlates with the previously published data of compounds of types 5 and 6 derived from 1,3-propanediamine. The triazene moieties in the crystal of 1c display significant π conjugation, which gives the N-N bond a significant degree of double-bond character. This in turn causes restricted rotation around the N-N bond, which leads to considerable broadening of signals in both the 1H and 13C NMR spectra. The molecular ion of the p-cyanophenyl derivative (1b) was observed using electrospray mass spectrometry (ES + Na). The mechanism of formation of molecules of type 1 is proposed to involve diazonium ion trapping of the previously unreported bisimidazolidinyl methane (13).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1294-1300
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Journal of Chemistry
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Bistriazene
  • Imidazolidine
  • NMR spectroscopy
  • Synthesis
  • Triazene
  • X-ray crystallography

Cite this