Trends in the Overlap of Autism Spectrum Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Prevalence, Clinical Management, Language and Genetics

Tamara May, Amanda Brignell, Z. Hawi, A. Brereton, B. Tonge, M. A. Bellgrove, Nicole Rinehart

Research output: Other - peer-reviewScientific Review

Abstract

Purpose of Review
To review recent literature on the overlap of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), now both conditions can be dually diagnosed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders 5th edition.

Recent Findings
There is a high comorbidity with rates of comorbid ASD and ADHD ranging from 40 to 83%. Multidisciplinary assessment and management of the combined presentation is thus required. Language difficulties are a common comorbidity in both ASD and ADHD with around 60% of children with ASD and 40% of those with ADHD having language problems. Twin studies show up to 72% of the co-variance of ADHD, and ASD symptoms can be explained by shared additive genetic factors providing a genetic basis for the observed clinical overlap.

Summary
There are still many gaps in our knowledge with limited research exploring well-defined groups of children with ASD only, ADHD only and ASD with ADHD. Clinicians should thoroughly assess ADHD symptomatology in children with ASD and vice versa to understand the challenges for these children and inform treatment planning.
LanguageEnglish
Pages49-57
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Developmental Disorders Reports
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Comorbidity
  • Treatment
  • Language

Cite this

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title = "Trends in the Overlap of Autism Spectrum Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Prevalence, Clinical Management, Language and Genetics",
abstract = "Purpose of ReviewTo review recent literature on the overlap of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), now both conditions can be dually diagnosed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders 5th edition.Recent FindingsThere is a high comorbidity with rates of comorbid ASD and ADHD ranging from 40 to 83%. Multidisciplinary assessment and management of the combined presentation is thus required. Language difficulties are a common comorbidity in both ASD and ADHD with around 60% of children with ASD and 40% of those with ADHD having language problems. Twin studies show up to 72% of the co-variance of ADHD, and ASD symptoms can be explained by shared additive genetic factors providing a genetic basis for the observed clinical overlap.SummaryThere are still many gaps in our knowledge with limited research exploring well-defined groups of children with ASD only, ADHD only and ASD with ADHD. Clinicians should thoroughly assess ADHD symptomatology in children with ASD and vice versa to understand the challenges for these children and inform treatment planning.",
keywords = "Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Comorbidity, Treatment, Language",
author = "Tamara May and Amanda Brignell and Z. Hawi and A. Brereton and B. Tonge and Bellgrove, {M. A.} and Nicole Rinehart",
year = "2018",
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doi = "10.1007/s40474-018-0131-8",
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journal = "Current Developmental Disorders Reports",
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T1 - Trends in the Overlap of Autism Spectrum Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Prevalence, Clinical Management, Language and Genetics

AU - May,Tamara

AU - Brignell,Amanda

AU - Hawi,Z.

AU - Brereton,A.

AU - Tonge,B.

AU - Bellgrove,M. A.

AU - Rinehart,Nicole

PY - 2018/1/17

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N2 - Purpose of ReviewTo review recent literature on the overlap of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), now both conditions can be dually diagnosed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders 5th edition.Recent FindingsThere is a high comorbidity with rates of comorbid ASD and ADHD ranging from 40 to 83%. Multidisciplinary assessment and management of the combined presentation is thus required. Language difficulties are a common comorbidity in both ASD and ADHD with around 60% of children with ASD and 40% of those with ADHD having language problems. Twin studies show up to 72% of the co-variance of ADHD, and ASD symptoms can be explained by shared additive genetic factors providing a genetic basis for the observed clinical overlap.SummaryThere are still many gaps in our knowledge with limited research exploring well-defined groups of children with ASD only, ADHD only and ASD with ADHD. Clinicians should thoroughly assess ADHD symptomatology in children with ASD and vice versa to understand the challenges for these children and inform treatment planning.

AB - Purpose of ReviewTo review recent literature on the overlap of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), now both conditions can be dually diagnosed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders 5th edition.Recent FindingsThere is a high comorbidity with rates of comorbid ASD and ADHD ranging from 40 to 83%. Multidisciplinary assessment and management of the combined presentation is thus required. Language difficulties are a common comorbidity in both ASD and ADHD with around 60% of children with ASD and 40% of those with ADHD having language problems. Twin studies show up to 72% of the co-variance of ADHD, and ASD symptoms can be explained by shared additive genetic factors providing a genetic basis for the observed clinical overlap.SummaryThere are still many gaps in our knowledge with limited research exploring well-defined groups of children with ASD only, ADHD only and ASD with ADHD. Clinicians should thoroughly assess ADHD symptomatology in children with ASD and vice versa to understand the challenges for these children and inform treatment planning.

KW - Autism Spectrum Disorder

KW - Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

KW - Comorbidity

KW - Treatment

KW - Language

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DO - 10.1007/s40474-018-0131-8

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JO - Current Developmental Disorders Reports

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JF - Current Developmental Disorders Reports

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