Trends in glycaemic control and drug use in males and females with type 2 diabetes: Results of the Australian National Diabetes Audit from 2013 to 2019

Angie S. Xiang, Naomi Szwarcbard, Danijela Gasevic, Arul Earnest, Anthony Pease, Sof Andrikopoulos, Natalie Wischer, Wendy Davis, Sophia Zoungas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Aim: To investigate temporal changes in glycaemic control and the use of antihyperglycaemic therapies in females and males with type 2 diabetes from 2013 to 2019. Methods: Data from adult patients with type 2 diabetes (n = 11 930; 44.9% females, mean [SD] age of 62.9 [12.9] years) were analysed from the 2013 to 2019 biennial cross-sectional Australian National Diabetes Audit. Results: Mean HbA1c remained similar throughout the years examined and between the sexes (7.8%-8.3%, 62-67 mmol/mol; P >.05). The number of antihyperglycaemic agents used by both sexes increased from 2013 to 2019 (P <.001), with more agents used by males (P =.014). From 2013 to 2019, there were increasing proportions of both sexes using dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (females: 11.7%-25.7%, P =.045; males: 11.6%-29.5%, P =.036) and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (females: 5.9%-15.3%; males: 4.9%-11.1%; P =.043 for both). Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors were not available in 2013; however, their use increased substantially from 2015 to 2019 in both females (4.9%-26.3%, P =.013) and males (4.7%-32.2%, P =.019). Conclusions: From 2013 to 2019, mean HbA1c levels remained unchanged despite a concurrent increase in the number of antihyperglycaemic medications used. Overall, there was a trend towards preferencing newer agents with some differences in treatment regimens relating to sex and renal function.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • antihyperglycaemic
  • diabetes
  • eGFR
  • HbA1c
  • pharmacotherapy
  • prescribing
  • sex
  • trends

Cite this