Trends in Crashworthiness of The New Zealand Vehicle Fleet by Year of Manufacture: 1964 to 2018: Supplement to Report 347 - Vehicle Safety Ratings Estimated from Police-Reported Crash Data: 2020 Update

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned ReportOther

Abstract

Crashworthiness is an estimate of the occupant protection provided by a vehicle, namely the risk of a driver of a vehicle being killed or admitted to hospital when involved in a crash. This project further investigated the relationship between vehicle crashworthiness and both the year of manufacture and the year of first registration in New Zealand. Analysis was based on New Zealand light passenger vehicles manufactured from 1964 to 2018 and crashing during 1991 to 2018. Analysis by year of first registration in New Zealand was aimed at assessing crashworthiness trends in the fleet of used imported vehicles in New Zealand
whilst analysis by year of manufacture examined trends in the fleet as a whole. Crashworthiness was measured by a combination of injury severity (of injured drivers) and injury risk (of drivers involved in crashes). The ratings were adjusted for the sex and age of the driver, the speed limit at the crash location, the number of vehicles involved in the crash and the year in which the crash occurred.
The crashworthiness rating estimates the risk of the driver being killed or admitted to hospital when involved in a crash, to a degree of accuracy represented by the confidence limits of the rating in each case.

Analysis of trends by year of vehicle manufacture showed statistically significant improvement in the crashworthiness of New Zealand light passenger vehicles over the years of manufacture studied. The most rapid improvement occurred over the years of manufacture from 1983 to 2007. Over this period, the risk of death or serious injury to drivers reduced by almost 79% for the fleet as a whole. During this period vehicle safety in New Zealand was affected by several competing effects: a general increase in both active and passive safety features in vehicles; increasing proportions of used imported vehicles entering the New Zealand fleet; and increases in the regulation of vehicle safety standards by the New Zealand Government.

Estimates of crashworthiness trends in the used import vehicle fleet by year of first registration in New Zealand from 1986 to 2018 showed improved crashworthiness of the used import fleet over these years. A differential in apparent safety between the new and used imported vehicles was identified along with a suggestion of worsening crashworthiness for new vehicles sold in recent years. This continues to need careful monitoring.

The results of this report are based on a number of assumptions and warrant a number of qualifications that should be noted.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationMelbourne Vic Australia
PublisherMonash University
Number of pages53
ISBN (Print)9781925413175
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

Publication series

NameMUARC Report Series
No.347 Supplement
ISSN (Electronic)1835-4815

Keywords

  • Injury
  • Vehicle Occupant
  • Collision
  • Passenger Car Unit
  • Passive Safety System
  • Statistics

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