Background: Although there has been substantial global progress in decreasing child mortality over the past two decades, progress in sub-Saharan Africa has largely lagged behind. The temporal trends in child mortality and associated risk factors were investigated in a cohort of children in rural Uganda.
Methods: Information on children's vital status, delivery, breastfeeding, vaccination history, maternal vital and HIV status, and children's HIV status for 1993-2007 was retrieved from the Medical Research Council/ Uganda Virus Research Institute's (MRC/UVRI) Annual Population Census and Survey in Uganda. Regression models were employed to assess the association of these factors with child mortality.
Results: From 1993 to 2007, the death rate (/1000 person-years) in children
- Sub-Saharan Africa