BACKGROUND: Epithelial denudation and metaplasia are important in the pathogenesis of airway remodeling and asthma. Trefoil factor 2 (TFF2) is a member of a family of peptides involved in protection and healing of the gastrointestinal epithelium but which are also secreted in the airway mucosa. METHODS: We investigated the role of TFF2 in airway remodeling by histological and morphometric analysis of lung tissue from TFF2-deficient mice subjected to two relevant animal models of asthma: an ovalbumin model of allergic airways disease and an Aspergillus fumigatus antigen sensitization model. RESULTS: In the ovalbumin model TFF2-deficient mice had increased goblet cell hyperplasia, but not epithelial thickening compared to wild-type (WT) counterparts. In the Aspergillus model TFF2-deficient mice also had increased goblet cell hyperplasia, and epithelial thickness was also increased in the Aspergillus-sensitized mice compared to WT controls. TFF2 deficiency was also associated with increased subepithelial collagen layer thickness. DISCUSSION: The current study demonstrates a role of TFF2 in airway remodeling in mouse models of airway disease. Further studies into the mechanisms of action of TFF2 and its role in asthma are warranted.