Tree-based machine learning approach to modelling tensile strength retention of Fibre Reinforced Polymer composites exposed to elevated temperatures

Chiara Machello, Keyvan Aghabalaei Baghaei, Milad Bazli, Ali Hadigheh, Ali Rajabipour, Mehrdad Arashpour, Hooman Mahdizadeh Rad, Reza Hassanli

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) composites are susceptible to degradation at elevated temperatures. Accurate modelling of the tensile performance of FRP composites under high-temperature exposure is crucial for their structural integrity. In this study, tree-based models, namely, decision tree, M5P, and random forest methods, are utilised to model the impact of elevated temperatures on the tensile strength of composite materials. A database of 787 experimental results is established and processed to train and test the regression tree models. The exposure temperature, resin glass transition temperature, sample thickness/diameter, exposure duration, ambient cooling, fibre-to-resin ratio, fibre orientation, resin type, fibre type, and manufacturing process were considered as the main parameters affecting the tensile strength retention (TSR) of FRP composites after exposure to elevated temperatures. To improve the prediction performance of machine learning, Bayesian optimisation and 10-fold cross validation (CV) technique were used to train regression tree methods. The results demonstrated the accuracy of the developed models in predicting the TSR of the composites under elevated temperatures. Feature contribution analysis showed that the exposure temperature exerts the most significant impact on the TSR, with the glass transition temperature coming next in importance. These were followed by sample thickness, exposure duration, ambient cooling, fibre-to-resin ratio, and fibre orientation, respectively. Resin type, fibre type, and the manufacturing process had the least contributions to the observed variations in TSR. Examining the tensile strength retention of FRP composites at high temperatures enables the development of precise predictive models and design guidelines for their optimal use across industries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111132
Number of pages16
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2024


  • Decision tree
  • Elevated temperature
  • FRP
  • Machine learning
  • Tensile strength retention

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