Treating infertility: Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation using human menopausal gonadotropin in combination with intrauterine insemination

Beverley Vollenhoven, Minna Selub, Oscar Davidson, Holly Lefkow, Margaret Henault, Nurys Serpa, Terry T. Hung

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OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) with intrauterine insemination (IUI) for the treatment of various causes of infertility and to identify prognostic factors for the success of this treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart analysis. RESULTS: Of the 271 cycles initiated, 247 were completed in 104 couples, and analysis of these cycles showed that the overall cycle fecundity rate was 10% and the pregnancy rate 22%. The miscarriage rate was 8% and tire ectopic pregnancy rate 4%. The multiple pregnancy rate was 29%. For the various causes of in fertility, we found that the cycle fecundity rate was 7% for male factor, 11% for oligoovulation, 8% for tubal/pelvic factor, 13% for minimal endometriosis, 18% for mild endometriosis, 17% for moderate endometriosis, 3% for women aged ≤40 years, 75% for myoma, and 7% for idiopathic infertility. We also found that one IUI timed at 36-48 hours was as effective as two IUIs timed at 18-24 and 36-48 hours after human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administration. Poor prognostic factors that were elicited from this study were: (1) failure of pregnancy in three cycles of treatment, (2) female age ≤40 years, (3) requirement of >300 IU of hMG daily, and (4) presence of more than eight mature follicles at the time of hCG administration. CONCLUSION: HMC and IUI are effective treatment of some causes of infertility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)658-664
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Reproductive Medicine
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1996


  • artificial insemination
  • gonadotropins, human menopausal
  • infertility, female

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