Transverse-mode properties of [011]-poled Pb(Zn1/3Nb 2/3)O3-PbTiO3 single crystals: effects of composition, length orientation, and poling conditions

Kalidindi K. Rajan, Jing Jin, Wei Sea Chang, Leong Chew Lim

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The poling responses of [011]-poled Pb(Zn1/3Nb 2/3)O3-PbTiO3 [PZN-PT] single crystals of a range of compositions and two length orientations have been investigated. The results show that [011]-poled PZN-PT single crystals of [100]-length-cut exhibit much superior transverse properties than [011̄]-length-cut crystals. Extremely high d31 values of -(3000-4000) pC/N and k31 ∼ 0.90-0.96 were obtained for PZN-7%PT optimally [011]-poled crystals. This composition, however, shows degraded dielectric and piezoelectric properties when poled at ≥0.6kV/mm. In contrast, PZN-4.5%PT and PZN-6%PT single crystals show no signs of overpoling even when poled up to 2.0kV/mm, exhibiting d 31 ≈ -(2700-3200) pC/N and k31 ∼ 0.90-0.92 (for PZN-6%PT) and d31 ≈- 1500 pC/N and k31 ∼ 0.86-0.90 (for PZN-4.5%PT), respectively. The presence of certain amounts (i.e., 10-15%) of orthorhombic phase in a rhombohedral matrix has been found to be responsible for the superior transverse piezoelectric properties of optimally [011]-poled PZN-(6-7)%PT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)681-685
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Phase transformation
  • Poling
  • PZN-PT
  • Relaxor single crystals
  • Transverse piezoelectric constants

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