Transport of atoms in a quantum conveyor belt

A Browaeys, H Haffner, Callum McKenzie, S Rolston, Kristian Helmerson, W D Phillips

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51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have performed experiments using a three-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensate of sodium atoms in a one-dimensional optical lattice to explore some unusual properties of band structure. In particular, we investigate the loading of a condensate into a moving lattice and find nonintuitive behavior. We also revisit the behavior of atoms, prepared in a single quasimomentum state, in an accelerating lattice. We generalize this study to a cloud whose atoms have a large quasimomentum spread, and show that the cloud behaves differently from atoms in a single Bloch state. Finally, we compare our findings with recent experiments performed with fermions in an optical lattice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)053605-1 - 053605-10
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume72
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

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