Transmission of IgA and IgG monoclonal antibodies to mucosal fluids following intranasal or parenteral delivery

Gustavo Falero-Diaz, Stephen Challacombe, Durdana Rahman, Mukesh Mistry, Gill Douce, Gordon Dougan, Armando Acosta, Juraj Ivanyi

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Background: The efficacy by which passive antibodies can reach the lungs could be important for the outcome of immunotherapy of respiratory pulmonary infections. We examined how transmission to a number of mucosal sites is affected by the route of inoculation. Methods: Transmission of newly raised IgA class Mabs against mycobacterial surface antigens to saliva, lung or vaginal lavage, bile and serum of BALB/c mice was compared with existing IgG Mabs. ELISA was used for testing body fluids obtained 1-24 h after intranasal or intravenous inoculation and 1-7 days following back-pack tumour growth of hybridomas. Results: Intranasal inoculation resulted in a rapid rise and high levels of both IgA and IgG class Mabs in lung lavage. In contrast, following intravenous Mab injection or back-pack tumour growth of hybridoma cells, effective lung transmission was observed for the IgG1 and IgG2b MAbs, but not for the IgA Mabs. The secretory component was acquired by the transmitted IgA MAbs in the mucosal fluids, but not in the serum. Nevertheless, the time course of mucosal IgA antibody levels was similar to that of the tested IgG Mabs. Furthermore, the relative proportion of transmission to saliva and bile varied between individual Mabs indicating a role of tissue-specific, immunoglobulin class-unrelated mechanisms. Conclusions: Intranasal, rather than parenteral inoculation of mice is required for the efficient delivery of IgA antibodies against respiratory pulmonary pathogens. Interestingly, IgA- secretory component complexing of intranasally applied Mabs did not significantly influence their persistence in the lungs. Copyright (C) 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-150
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Antibodies
  • IgA
  • Intranasal vaccination
  • Mucosal immunity
  • Passive immunotherapy
  • Transmission

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