Transition from miscibility to immiscibility in blends of poly(methyl methacrylate) and styrene-acrylonitrile copolymers with varying copolymer composition: A DSC study

N. Cameron, J. M.G. Cowie, R. Ferguson, J. L.Gómez Ribelles, J. Más Estellés

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The glass transition and the structural relaxation processes have been studied in blends of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) copolymers with different acrylonitrile (AN) contents. The 50/50 wt.% blend of PMMA with the SAN copolymer containing 30 wt.% of AN is immiscible, while blends with copolymers containing between 13 and 26 wt.% of AN are miscible. Thus the upper limit of miscibility is between 26 and 30 wt.% of AN. The temperature dependence of the relaxation times of the conformational rearrangements of polymer chains around the glass transition have been determined in the blends and pure components by modelling DSC thermograms obtained after different thermal histories in each sample. The slope in the Arrhenius diagram log τ vs 1/T around the glass transition temperature is significantly smaller in the blend which is closer to the upper limit of miscibility than in the other miscible blends in which SAN copolymer contains less AN. The change of slope can be ascribed to a distribution in the glass transition temperatures of the different rearranging regions, reflecting the appearance of a microheterogeneity in the blend that cannot be detected as a double glass transition in the blend.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-605
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Glass transition
  • Miscibility
  • Physical ageing
  • Poly(methyl methacrylate)
  • Polymer blends
  • Structural relaxation
  • Styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer

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