Transgender individuals in Asian Islamic countries: an overview of workplace diversity and inclusion issues in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Malaysia

Abdullah Al Mamun, Mariano L M Heyden, Qaiser Rafique Yasser

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Workplaces are an important dimension of social life and for helping individuals to satisfy their intrinsic needs for acceptance and belonging. In a society where gender roles are already askew, transgender individuals face particular challenges. Such challenges have been underemphasized in the diversity management literature. In this chapter we discuss empirical evidence of transgender issues and how they are perceived in Asian countries, particularly Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Malaysia. In addition, we outline the specific challenges faced by transgender individuals in the context of constitutional precincts, religious perceptions, and socio-economic circumstances. We argue and find that regulators, social actors and institutions in Asian Islamic countries de-emphasize the gender criteria when hiring, as well as in commonplace operations, to enrich the institutional human capital and, ultimately, work performance. We develop a future research agenda for informing individuals, organizational leaders, and policy makers concerning transgender issues.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSexual Orientation and Transgender Issues in Organizations
Subtitle of host publicationGlobal Perspectives on LGBT Workforce Diversity
EditorsThomas Köllen
Place of PublicationCham Switzerland
PublisherSpringer
Pages167-180
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9783319296234
ISBN (Print)9783319296210
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asia
  • Bangladesh
  • Islam
  • Malaysia
  • Pakistan
  • Transgender

Cite this

Mamun, A. A., Heyden, M. L. M., & Yasser, Q. R. (2016). Transgender individuals in Asian Islamic countries: an overview of workplace diversity and inclusion issues in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Malaysia. In T. Köllen (Ed.), Sexual Orientation and Transgender Issues in Organizations: Global Perspectives on LGBT Workforce Diversity (pp. 167-180). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29623-4_10