Transforming communities through sport? Critical pedagogy and sport for development

Ramon Spaaij, Sarah Oxford, Ruth Jeanes

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    46 Citations (Scopus)


    The value of sport as a vehicle for social development and progressive social change has been much debated, yet what tends to get missed in this debate is the way education may foster, enable or impede the transformative action that underpins the social outcomes to which the ‘sport for development and peace’ (SDP) sector aspires. This article draws on the critical pedagogy of Paulo Freire and his contemporaries to examine the nature of transformative action and how it may be fostered within SDP programs. Insights from critical pedagogy are applied to, and illustrated through, qualitative research undertaken with SDP programs located in Cameroon and Kenya. The findings show the complexities of designing and implementing critical pedagogy in a SDP context and, in particular, the challenges of creating and mobilizing for transformative
    action. Opportunities and lessons for embedding critical pedagogy within SDP programs are also presented.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)570 - 587
    Number of pages18
    JournalSport, Education and Society
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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