Transformational leadership and job involvement in the Middle East: The moderating role of individually held cultural values

Abdullah Z Sheikh, Alexander Harry Newman, Salwa Abdul-Fattah Al Azzeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines whether individually held cultural values moderate the relationship between transformational leadership behavior of supervisors and the job involvement of subordinates in the Middle Eastern organizational context. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to analyze survey data from 229 employees of 10 organizations in the United Arab Emirates. In line with the findings of studies in Western countries, transformational leadership was found to influence job involvement positively. In addition, the cultural value orientations of individuals were found to moderate this relationship. Collectivism positively influenced the relationship between transformational leadership and job involvement, whereas uncertainty avoidance had a negative effect. These findings provide an insight into how transformational leadership may be used to motivate culturally diverse groups of employees within the Middle East. To enhance job involvement, organizations need to realize that the attitudinal response of subordinates to transformational leadership can depend on their cultural values. This has significant implications regarding the training and effective deployment of transformational leaders within Middle Eastern organizations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1077 - 1095
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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